Call: +9779851349099

Abnormal Semen Introduction

In andrology, the branch of medicine that focuses on male reproductive health, the terms foreskin and phimosis are used to describe specific conditions related to the male genitalia. Here’s how they are understood in the context of andrology:
1. Foreskin:
In andrology, the foreskin refers to the retractable fold of skin that covers the head of the penis. It is a natural part of the male anatomy and serves to protect the sensitive glans of the penis.
2. Phimosis:
Phimosis, in the field of andrology, is a condition where the foreskin is too tight or unable to retract over the glans of the penis.


During childhood, the inner layer of the foreskin is fused to the glans of the penis. Over time, this adhesion naturally separates, allowing the foreskin to become retractable. In some cases, this separation process may take longer or be delayed, resulting in physiological phimosis.
2.Developmental factors:
The foreskin and its retractability undergo developmental changes during childhood and adolescence. It is normal for the foreskin to be tight and non-retractable in young boys, and it gradually becomes more flexible and retractable with time. Some individuals may experience a slower rate of development, leading to temporary physiological phimosis.
Inflammatory conditions such as balanitis (inflammation of the glans) or posthitis (inflammation of the foreskin) can cause scarring and fibrosis, leading to pathological phimosis. This inflammation can be due to poor hygiene, infections, or skin conditions.
Any injury, trauma, or repeated irritation to the foreskin can result in scarring, which can restrict the elasticity of the foreskin and contribute to phimosis.
Chronic or recurrent infections of the foreskin or glans, such as balanitis or sexually transmitted infections, can cause inflammation and scarring, leading to phimosis.
6.Balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO):
This is a specific condition characterized by inflammation and scarring of the foreskin and glans. It can result in pathological phimosis and is often of unknown cause.
7.Preputial adhesions:
In some cases, adhesions between the inner layer of the foreskin and the glans persist into adulthood, resulting in phimosis. These adhesions can form due to incomplete separation during childhood or recurrent infections.
8.Trauma or surgery:
Any trauma or previous surgery to the foreskin area can lead to scarring and contribute to the development of phimosis.


1. Difficulty retracting the foreskin:
The most noticeable symptom of phimosis is the tightness or inability to retract the foreskin over the head of the penis (glans). In some cases, the foreskin may only partially retract, while in others, it may not retract at all.
2. Pain or discomfort:
Attempting to retract the tight foreskin may cause pain or discomfort, especially if there is inflammation, swelling, or scarring present.
3. Ballooning during urination:
In cases of severe phimosis, where the opening of the foreskin is significantly constricted, the urine stream may cause the foreskin to balloon outward during urination.
4. Difficulties with hygiene:
Phimosis can make it challenging to maintain proper hygiene of the penis. It can be difficult to clean beneath the foreskin, leading to the accumulation of smegma, a white, cheesy substance that can cause an unpleasant odor or increase the risk of infections.
5. Inflammation or infections:
The tight foreskin can trap bacteria, sweat, and other substances, leading to inflammation, infections, or irritation of the glans or foreskin. Symptoms of inflammation or infection may include redness, swelling, tenderness, discharge, itching, or pain.
6. Pain or discomfort during sexual activity:
Phimosis can make sexual activity uncomfortable or painful for both the affected individual and their partner. The tight foreskin may cause discomfort or difficulty with penetration.


1. Good hygiene practices:
Practice proper genital hygiene to keep the penis clean and reduce the risk of inflammation or infections. Gently wash the penis with warm water and mild soap, ensuring to clean under the foreskin (if retractable) and rinse thoroughly. Avoid using harsh soaps or excessive scrubbing, as these can irritate the sensitive genital area.
2. Avoid forceful retraction:
For young boys with a non-retractable foreskin, it is important to avoid forceful retraction. Trying to forcefully retract the foreskin before it is naturally ready can cause injury, inflammation, and scarring, which may contribute to phimosis. Let the separation and retractability of the foreskin occur naturally over time.
3. Regular genital examinations:
Perform regular self-examinations of the genital area to monitor for any changes or abnormalities. If you notice any concerns, such as difficulty with foreskin retraction or signs of inflammation, seek medical advice from a healthcare professional.
4. Treat infections promptly:
If you experience any symptoms of inflammation or infections, such as redness, swelling, pain, discharge, or itching, seek medical attention and receive prompt treatment. Infections left untreated can lead to complications and potentially contribute to the development of phimosis.
5. Avoid risky sexual behaviors:
Engaging in safe sexual practices, such as using condoms and practicing good genital hygiene, can help reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and related complications that may affect penile health.


Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Architecto modi vel repudiandae reiciendis, cupiditate quod voluptatibus, placeat ad assumenda molestiae alias quisquam

Schedule your appointment today

Click Here
Scroll to Top